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中博考研:大学英语单词(五十六)
中博考研   Jan 16, 2018 10:48:32 AM

1、force

本义:力量

Severe damage witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

严重的损失表明了这场暴风雨巨大的破坏力。

语境义1:强迫

I cannot force you in this.You must decide.

这件事情上我们不能强迫你,你必须自己决定。

语境义2:武力

He says he would support the use of force if the UN deemed it necessary.

他说如果联合国认为有必要使用武力,他将予以支持。

语境义3:势力

We oppose interference by any outside force.

我们反对任何外来势力插手干预。

语境义4:促进,推进

But the sceptical reaction of global investors will force further measures.

而全球投资者的怀疑反映,会促使有关方面采取进一步措施。

2、push

本义:往前推

We might be able to push ourselves across with the paddle.

我们也许可以用浆把自己推过去。

语境义1:推动,推进

The new Chancellor has the guts to push through unpopular tax increases.

新任总理有勇气推动不受欢迎的增税方案获得通过。

语境义2:逼迫,施压

We had to push them to accept our terms.

我们不得不逼迫他们接受我们的条款。

语境义3:增加

Raw material costs gave a push to prices.

原料成本的增加推动了价格的上涨。

3、turn

本义:转身

He turned abruptly and walked away.

他突然转身走了。

语境义1:转动,旋转

Steam strikes blades and makes them turn.

蒸汽撞击桨叶并使它们转动。

语境义2:改变,变化

Love can turn the cottage into a golden palace.

爱情能使陋室变成宫殿。

语境义3:机会

If he gives me a turn,I will try it.

如果他给我一个机会,我要再试试。

语境义4:转而(in turn)

This,in turn,affects the way you speak and act.

这转而也影响了你说话,做事的方式。

语境义5:依次,轮流(in turn)

The students were summoned in turn to be interviewed.

学生依次被召入进行口试。

语境义6:相应地

By better understanding your dreams,in turn you will be able to better understand yourself.

通过更好地理解你的梦境,你也可以相应地更好了解你自己。

4、condition

本义:状态

Athletes must train to be in condition.

运动员必须锻炼保持良好的竞技状态。

语境义1:环境

He was concerned with the enhancement of the human condition.

他关心人们生存环境的改善。

语境义2:条件

The increasingly high level of education is not a sufficient condition for the complex political systems required by advanced economic performance.

越来越高的教育水平并不是先进的经济表现所要求的的复杂政治制度的充分条件。

语境义3:受到...影响,被...制约(be conditioned by/to...)

We are all conditioned by early impressions and experiences.

我们都受到早年印象和经历的影响。

5、advance (形容词形式advanced)

本义:前进,发展

This can become a driving force for social advance.

这能成为促使社会前进的动力。

语境义1:增加,增长

Such books are likely to advance your knowledge of European history.

这类书可能会增长你有关欧洲历史的知识。

语境义2:提出

Let me advance my opinion.

让我提出我的意见。

语境义3:提前(in advance)

Any changes on commencement date shall be informed to you in advance.

对于开始日期的任何变动,我们都将提前通知您。

语境义4:先进的,高级的

All the more technically advanced countries put a high value on science.

所有技术上较为先进的国家都高度重视科学。

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